History of Central Park
Central Park in Manhattan, New York is the first landscaped urban park in NYC. The spread of the park is 843 acres of land and the history of central park dates back to a time when the public grounds of London and Paris were admired and nothing of the sort was at the city of NY. Andrew Jackson Downing was the one who began to publicize the need of a public back was back in 1844.
In 1853 an area of 700 acres was designated for the park by the New York legislature. It was later that some more area was added and then the total area accounted for 843 acres of land.
Design of the Park was done by landscape architect Calvert Vaux and the architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The design that got approval as the winning design was called “Greensward plan”;. The design incorporated 36 bridges and all of them were designed by Vaux.
The area which was designated for the park called for clearance as the first inhabitants had to move out. The construction of the park was officially accomplished in 1873 and many trees, shrubs were transplanted in the park. In the first decade the park was meant for the wealthy. It was only in the 19th century when a successful campaign to hold concerts on Sundays was launched by the workers that the park became open to others as well.
The Central Park Zoo was opened in the year 1871 and the first playground of the Central Park was opened in 1926. More than 20 playgrounds were introduced by 1940.
In 1980 Central Park Conservancy was appointed to take charge of the park which began long term restoration plans for the park. The park was divided into territories with designated supervisor for each territory assigned with the responsibility of restoration and maintenance.
Central Park West boasts of a famous restaurant of the city Tavern on the Green which is located on the park`s ground. There are numerous activities for children as well like children`s yoga and wind chime making classes.
One of the most important institutions of New York is The American Museum of Natural History which stretches along Central Park West from 77th to 81st street. The museum has habitat dioramas Asian, African and North American mammals and some extensive anthropological collections.
The Central Park has been a witness to several transformations since its inception.